Learn more about the Bali starling – with amazing Bali starling videos, photos and facts on Arkive. Bali Myna 25 cm; g (captive). Fairly large, white starling with forehead feathers bristly, feathers on crown and nape hackled and greatly. Bali Myna Leucopsar rothschildi. Check out the full taxonomy and distribution of Bali Myna on HBW Alive. HBW Alive contains information on Descriptive notes.
|Published (Last):||15 August 2018|
|PDF File Size:||18.78 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||3.32 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Share this image — Hide sharing options. The national bird of Bali 6 7the endemic Bali starling Leucopsar rothschildi was described and named as lucopsar as by English ornithologist Lord Walter Rothschild 8. The Bali starling is a fairly large starling 2 with mostly white plumage 2 3 4except for the tips of the short tail and rounded wings which are black 2 3. This species has elongated, bristly feathers on the crown and nape 2 3 which form an erectile crest 3.
A conspicuous patch of bright cobalt-blue skin extends around each eye and tapers to a point 2 3 4. The eyes are grey, whitish or brown 2 3.
Male and female Bali starlings are similar in appearance, but the crest is often longer in males 2 3. Young birds tend to have a much shorter crest than adults, or may lack one altogether 3. They may have a smoky tinge to the feathers on the back, and a cinnamon tinge on the wings rothschilsi 3.
The song of the Bali starling is composed of a wide variety of loud, chattering noises, including whistles, chuckles and squawks, and is performed by both sexes, usually without an accompanying display. However, this species is known to perform a bobbing action, which is sometimes accompanied by quieter chattering sounds.
The Bali starling is an omnivorous species 2feeding on a mixture of seeds, small fruits and insects 2 4. Interestingly, the Bali starling has also been reported to feed on the nectar from Erythrina species 2. The Bali starling tends to feed in the trees, but it may also collect food items from the ground, particularly during the chick-rearing period. There have also been reports of the Bali starling perching on the backs of ungulatesand foraging for insects in association with the mammals 2.
The Bali starling is a monogamous species, and is thought to form a long-term pair-bond, strengthened by individuals performing mutual displays and preening each other 2.
The breeding season occurs in the rainy season, between January and March or April 2 4although some scientists believe breeding to occur in October and November 1 9. The Bali starling often builds its nest in an abandoned woodpecker hole or other natural tree hole 1 2 4 9usually between four and ten metres above the ground, using dry twigs to line the nest 2. Each clutch typically contains two or three pale blue eggs 2 4although generally only one chick survives to fledging 4.
It is thought that incubation of the eggs is carried out mostly by the female, for a period of between 12 and 15 days.
The Bali starling chicks are brooded by leucoopsar female, but are fed by both adult birds, which continue performing this duty up to seven weeks after the young have left the nest 2. The Bali starling is endemic to the island of Bali, Indonesia 1 3. Formerly, this non-migratory species 2 4 was found throughout a strip of land along the north-western third of the island 1 2 3but its range has since declined drastically 1and now only leucoopsar a kilometre-squared area within the Bali Barat Nature Reserve 3.
The Bali starling can typically be found in dry, open lowland forests 4usually with a grassy understorey 2 3. During rotyschildi breeding season, this species tends to favour areas of fire-induced open shrub savannah and adjacent tropical moist deciduous forestusually below elevations of metres.
It often disperses to open forest edges and flooded savannah woodland outside of the breeding season. The Bali starling has also been known to occur in coconut groves near villages 1 9. The Bali starling is thought to have always had a relatively small range and may never have occurred in large numbers, but its population has declined dramatically since its discovery 2mostly as a result of the illegal collection of birds for the captive bird trade 1 2 3 9.
Byillegal poaching had reduced Bali starling numbers to just 15 individuals 1 3 9and by only 6 wild individuals remained 9. Despite the entire Bali starling population being within a national park, illegal trapping of this species continues 1 9a threat which is further compounded by habitat destruction 2 4interspecific competition, natural predation and disease 1 9. In addition, this species has been protected under Indonesian law since 1 2 9and its entire remaining wild population occurs within Bali Barat National Park 1 9.
This project has helped to improve the protection rothschilid the park, and has increased rothschilri wild Bali starling population through the release of captive-bred birds 1 9contributing significantly to the future rotjschildi of this species Unfortunately, this programme was dogged with problems, rotbschildi the theft of 39 captive individuals in the park that were awaiting release into the wild 1 9.
Inthe Indonesian Government introduced a new law which states that all protected animals were required to be registered, as they are the property of the state. Anyone found in possession of an unregistered Bali starling now faces a rthschildi fine, or even imprisonment 3. The bird sanctuary is the first in Indonesia to be established in an inhabited area, and is now home to at least Bali starlings. This information is awaiting authentication by a species expert, and will be updated as soon as possible.
MyARKive offers the scrapbook feature to signed-up members, allowing you to organize your favourite Arkive images and videos and share them with friends. Team WILD, an elite squadron of science superheroes, needs your help! Which species are on the road to recovery?
Leucopsar rothschildi – Wikispecies
This species is endangered. Visit our endangered species page to learn more. Help us share the wonders of the natural world. Rodents of Unusual Size. Wildscreen With – Tom Hooker: Lindsey Paretti – Blood Island. AfricachimpanzeeconservationfilmIn the Fieldlab chimpsLiberiaPrimatesprimatologyrehabilitationtrue storywildlifewildlife filmWildscreen Festival. Share on Facebook Tweet Send email.
Bali starling Leucopsar rothschildi. The Bali starling is the national bird of Bali. A mostly white bird, the Bali starling has black tips to its tail and wings, and a conspicuous patch of blue skin around each eye. Inthere were only about six Bali starlings in the wild, although conservation efforts have since increased this number. Image credit Link to this image Add to scrapbook How you can use this image.
Rosy starling Sturnus roseus.
Bank myna Acridotheres ginginianus. European starling Sturnus vulgaris. Bali starling biology The Bali starling is an omnivorous species 2feeding on a mixture of seeds, small fruits and insects 2 4.
Bali starling range The Bali starling is endemic to the island of Bali, Indonesia 1 3. American bullfrog Lithobates catesbeianus. Flasher wrasse Paracheilinus nursalim. Red bird-of-paradise Paradisaea rubra. Bali starling habitat The Bali starling can typically be found in dry, open lowland forests 4usually with a grassy understorey 2 3. Masked titi Callicebus personatus. Blond titi monkey Callicebus barbarabrownae.
Bali starling threats The Bali starling is thought to have always had a relatively small range and may never have occurred in large numbers, but its population has declined dramatically since its discovery 2mostly as a result of the illegal collection of birds for the captive bird trade 1 2 orthschildi 9.
Find out more Find out more about the Bali starling and it conservation: BirdLife International – Rothscholdi starling: Authentication This information is awaiting authentication by a species expert, and will be updated as soon as possible.
Glossary Deciduous forest Forest consisting mainly of deciduous trees, which shed their leaves at the end of the growing season. Endemic A species or taxonomic group that is only found in one particular country or geographic area. Incubation The act of incubating eggs; that is, keeping them warm so that development is possible.
Monogamous Having only one mate during a breeding season, or throughout the breeding life of a pair. Nape The back of the neck.
Omnivorous Leuvopsar on both plants and animals. Ungulate A general term for a mammal with hooves. Bush-shrikes to Old World Sparrows. Dorling Kindersley Ltd, London. Interactive Management of Wild and Captive Animals. X Close Image credit. X Close Link to this photo Embed this Arkive thumbnail link “portlet” by copying and pasting the code below. This species is featured in: Please donate to Arkive Help us share the wonders of the natural world.
Sign up to our newsletter Get the latest wild news direct to your inbox. Blog Friday 05 October Wildscreen With: Rodents of Unusual Size communitycoypudocumentaryecosystemenvironmentfilmmakerfilmmakinginvasiveinvasive speciesrodentsUSAWetlandswildlife Monday 24 September Wildscreen With – Tom Hooker: Lindsey Paretti – Blood Island AfricachimpanzeeconservationfilmIn the Fieldlab chimpsLiberiaPrimatesprimatologyrehabilitationtrue storywildlifewildlife filmWildscreen Festival.